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Most of the area is covered by mountain ranges running from the northwest to southeast. The main ranges are

the Balkan Mountains (Stara Planina in Bulgarian language), running from the Black Sea coast in Bulgaria to the

border with Serbia, the Rila-Rhodope massif in southern Bulgaria, the Dinaric Alps in Bosnia and Herzegovina,

Croatia and Montenegro, the Korab-Šar mountains which spreads from Kosovo to Albania and North Macedonia,

and the Pindus range, spanning from southern Albania into central Greece and the Albanian Alps, and the

Alps at the northwestern border. The highest mountain of the region is Rila in Bulgaria, with Musala at

2,925 m, second being Mount Olympus in Greece, with Mytikas at 2,917 m, and Pirin mountain

with Vihren, also in Bulgaria, being the third at 2915 m.[51][52] The karst field or polje is a common feature of the landscape.


On the Adriatic and Aegean coasts the climate is Mediterranean, on the Black Sea coast the climate is humid subtropical and oceanic, and inland it is humid continental. In the northern part of the peninsula and on the mountains, winters are frosty and snowy, while summers are hot and dry. In the southern part, winters are milder. The humid continental climate is predominant in Bosnia and Herzegovina, northern Croatia, Bulgaria, Kosovo, northern Montenegro, the Republic of North Macedonia, and the interior of Albania and Serbia. Meanwhile, the other less common climates, the humid subtropical and oceanic climates, are seen on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria and Balkan Turkey (European Turkey). The Mediterranean climate is seen on the Adriatic coasts of Albania, Croatia and Montenegro, as well as the Ionian coasts of Albania and Greece, in addition to the Aegean coasts of Greece and Balkan Turkey (European Turkey).

Source: Wikipedia

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